What is Crypto Staking and How Does It Work?

What is Crypto Staking and How Does It Work?

Learn what crypto staking is and how it works in the blockchain ecosystem. Explore the benefits, risks, and considerations of staking cryptocurrency.

Stroom DAO Stroom DAO

6 min read

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Cryptocurrency staking has emerged as a popular and potentially lucrative way to participate in the blockchain ecosystem. In this article, we will explore what crypto staking is, how it works, its various types, benefits, risks, and provide insights into getting started with staking.

What Is Staking in Crypto?

Crypto staking has become a fundamental aspect of the blockchain ecosystem, offering a novel way to earn rewards by participating in network operations. At its core, staking involves locking up a certain amount of cryptocurrency to support the operations of a blockchain network, such as transaction validation, security, and governance. In return, participants, known as stakers, earn rewards, typically in the form of additional tokens. This process not only incentivizes users to contribute to the network's stability but also promotes decentralization and security.

The Origin of Staking: From Proof-of-Work to Proof-of-Stake

To truly appreciate the concept of staking, it's essential to understand its historical context. The first blockchain, Bitcoin, introduced by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2008, relies on a consensus mechanism known as Proof-of-Work (PoW). In PoW, miners compete to solve complex mathematical problems to validate transactions and add them to the blockchain. This process requires significant computational power and energy consumption, leading to scalability and environmental concerns.

In response to these issues, an alternative consensus mechanism called Proof of Stake (PoS) was introduced in 2012 with the launch of Peercoin (PPC). Unlike PoW, PoS relies on validators who are selected to create new blocks based on the number of coins they hold and are willing to "stake" as collateral. This mechanism significantly reduces energy consumption and enhances scalability, making it a more sustainable option for blockchain networks.

How Does Staking Crypto Work?

Understanding how staking works is crucial for anyone looking to participate in the growing world of blockchain technology and decentralized finance.

The Basics of Crypto Staking

When you stake cryptocurrency, you are essentially locking up your digital assets in a wallet to support the blockchain network's operations, such as validating transactions and securing the network. In exchange for this participation, you earn staking rewards. The more coins you stake, the higher your chances of being selected as a validator, and consequently, the higher your potential rewards.

Step-by-Step Process

Staking involves several key steps:

  1. Selecting a Cryptocurrency: Not all cryptocurrencies support staking. Popular staking coins include Ethereum (ETH), Solana (SOL), Cardano (ADA), Polkadot (DOT), and Avalanche (AVAX).
  2. Choosing a Wallet: To stake, you need a compatible wallet that supports the chosen cryptocurrency and its staking process.
  3. Locking Up Coins: Stakers must lock up a specific amount of cryptocurrency in the network. This process often involves a minimum staking amount.
  4. Running a Validator Node or Delegating: Stakers can either run their own validator node, which requires technical expertise and hardware, or delegate their coins to a trusted validator, earning a share of the rewards.
  5. Earning Rewards: Stakers earn rewards based on the amount staked and the network's reward mechanism. These rewards are usually distributed periodically.

Types of Crypto Staking

Crypto staking has evolved into several distinct types, each with its own mechanisms and benefits. Let's break down the various types of staking available.

Proof of Stake (PoS) involves validators who are chosen to create new blocks based on the number of coins they hold and are willing to lock up as collateral. Notable PoS blockchains include Ethereum 2.0 and Cardano (ADA). 

Delegated Proof of Stake (DPoS) allows coin holders to vote for a small number of delegates to validate transactions and create new blocks on their behalf. Examples include EOS and TRON (TRX). DPoS was introduced by Dan Larimer, who founded BitShares in 2014, one of the first DPoS-based blockchains.

Liquid Proof of Stake (LPoS) allows token holders to delegate their staking power to validators without transferring ownership of their tokens. Tezos (XTZ) is a prominent example, and it was among the first to popularize LPoS when it launched in 2018, emphasizing governance and upgradability.

Bonded Proof of Stake (BPoS) requires validators to bond (lock) a certain amount of tokens for a specific period, ensuring their commitment to the network’s security. Cosmos (ATOM), launched in 2019, utilizes BPoS to ensure long-term validator commitment and network security.

Hybrid Proof of Stake (HPoS) combines elements of PoS with other consensus mechanisms, such as Proof of Work (PoW), to enhance security and decentralization. Decred (DCR), launched in 2016, integrates PoS for governance and PoW for mining, balancing decentralization and security.

Nominated Proof of Stake (NPoS) allows token holders to nominate validators they trust, enhancing the network’s security through a decentralized nomination process. Polkadot (DOT), which launched in 2020, pioneered NPoS to create a more inclusive and secure staking environment.

Proof of Authority (PoA) relies on a set of approved validators (authorities) to create new blocks, often used in private or consortium blockchains. VeChain (VET), launched in 2015, adopted PoA to ensure efficient and secure supply chain tracking.

Proof of History (PoH), used by Solana (SOL), adds a historical record to PoS, creating a verifiable order of events. This method enhances network speed and efficiency, enabling Solana to process thousands of transactions per second. Solana's unique approach has positioned it as a significant player in the blockchain space since its launch in 2020.

Each of these staking types reflects the ongoing innovation in the blockchain industry, addressing various challenges related to security, scalability, and decentralization. As the ecosystem continues to evolve, new staking mechanisms may emerge, further enhancing the capabilities and efficiency of blockchain networks.

Benefits of Crypto Staking

Earning Passive Income

One of the primary benefits of staking is the ability to earn passive income. By staking your coins, you can potentially earn regular rewards without needing to sell your assets.

Supporting Network Security

Staking helps to secure the blockchain network by incentivizing participants to act honestly and support the network's operations. This is crucial for maintaining the integrity and security of the blockchain.

Lower Energy Consumption

Staking is significantly more energy-efficient compared to mining, as it does not require massive computational power. This makes it a more sustainable option for securing blockchain networks.

What Are the Risks of Staking Crypto?

Market Volatility

Cryptocurrencies are known for their volatility. The value of your staked assets can fluctuate significantly, affecting the overall returns from staking.

Lock-Up Periods

Many staking mechanisms require you to lock up your coins for a specified period. During this time, you may not be able to access or sell your staked assets, which can be a disadvantage if market conditions change.


In some PoS networks, validators can be penalized (or "slashed") for malicious behavior or downtime. This can result in the loss of a portion of the staked coins.

Liquid Staking: Revolutionizing Crypto Staking

Liquid staking was conceived to address several inherent limitations of traditional staking. Traditional staking requires participants to lock up their tokens for a fixed period, reducing their liquidity and making it difficult to respond to market opportunities or emergencies. This lack of flexibility often discourages users from participating in staking, as they are unable to utilize their assets for other financial activities while they are staked.

Addressing Limitations of Traditional Staking

Liquid staking offers a solution to these limitations by allowing participants to stake their tokens while maintaining liquidity. This is achieved through the issuance of derivative tokens that represent the staked assets. These derivative tokens can be traded, transferred, or used in various decentralized finance (DeFi) applications, enabling stakers to maximize the utility of their assets without sacrificing staking rewards.

The key limitations addressed by liquid staking include liquidity, flexibility, and opportunity cost. Traditional staking locks up tokens, reducing their liquidity and limiting their use in other financial activities. Participants in traditional staking cannot easily respond to market changes or opportunities due to the lock-up period. Additionally, locked assets in traditional staking miss out on potential additional earnings from other DeFi activities.

Leading Liquid Staking Projects

Several projects have emerged as leaders in the liquid staking space, each offering unique solutions and benefits. Lido, one of the most popular liquid staking platforms, allows users to stake Ethereum (ETH) and other assets while receiving stETH, a liquid token representing their staked ETH. Marinade Finance focuses on the Solana (SOL) ecosystem and provides liquid staking solutions, issuing mSOL tokens that can be used across various DeFi platforms. Rocket Pool, a decentralized Ethereum staking protocol, offers liquid staking with rETH tokens, allowing users to stake ETH and receive liquid tokens in return.

Pioneering Bitcoin Liquid Staking with Stroom

Stroom is pioneering the concept of Bitcoin liquid staking, providing users with the ability to stake their Bitcoin and receive derivative tokens that maintain liquidity. This innovative approach opens new possibilities for Bitcoin holders, allowing them to participate in staking while still being able to utilize their assets in DeFi applications.

For more detailed information on Stroom’s liquid staking offering and its mechanisms, refer to our earlier blog post article.


The future of crypto staking looks promising as more blockchain networks adopt PoS and PoS-derived consensus mechanisms. Staking offers a scalable and sustainable solution for securing blockchain networks while providing participants with the opportunity to earn passive income. By staking your cryptocurrency, you can earn passive income, support network security, and contribute to the sustainability of blockchain networks. However, it's important to understand the risks involved, such as market volatility and lock-up periods, before diving in. With careful research and the right strategies, staking can be a rewarding addition to your crypto portfolio.

Explore the opportunities of staking with platforms like Stroom, which offer innovative solutions like liquid staking, allowing you to stake and maintain liquidity simultaneously. We believe that innovations like liquid staking and the integration of staking with DeFi platforms are likely to drive further growth in this space.


We hope you've found this article helpful. To learn more about Stroom, access detailed information about our technology, or explore how you can join the ecosystem, visit the following resources:

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